Wahhabism, a peculiar interpretation of Islamic doctrine and practice that first arose in mid-eighteenth century Arabia, is sometimes regarded as simply an. Booktopia has Wahhabism, A Critical Essay by Hamid Algar. Buy a discounted Paperback of Wahhabism online from Australia’s leading online bookstore. PDF | On Dec 1, , Ana Soage and others published Review of Hamid Algar’s “Wahhabism: A Critical Essay”.

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March 15, BooksLibraryPublication Views. What follows is a modest survey of the history, the doctrines, and the contemporary significance of Wahhabism. There is no reason to acquiesce in this wahhabissm of a monopoly, and because the movement in question was ultimately the work of one man, Muhammad b.

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Two other preliminary remarks. First, in the extremely lengthy and rich history of Islamic thought, Wahhabism does not occupy a particularly important place.

Intellectually marginal, the Wahhabi movement had the good fortune hwmid emerge in the Arabian Peninsula albeit in Najd, a relatively remote part of the peninsula and thus in the proximity of the Haramayn, a major geographical focus of the Muslim world; and its Saudi patrons had the good fortune, in the twentieth century, to acquire massive oil wealth, a portion of hamis has been used in attempts to propagate Allgar in the Muslim world and beyond.


In the absence of these two factors, Wahhabism might well have passed into history as a marginal and shortlived sectarian movement. Those same two factors, reinforced by a partial congruity with other contemporary tendencies in the Islamic world, have endowed Wahhabism with a degree of longevity.

Second, Wahhabism is an entirely specific phenomenon, calling for recognition as a separate school of thought or even as a sect of its own.

Wahhabism-A Critical Essay by Hamid Algar – Ijtihad Network

Another general notion concerning Wahhabism fixed in the minds of many Muslims is that it stood at the origin of a series of reform movements which in some cases are still active in the Muslim world.

There is, however, no genetic connection between Wahhabism and movements that subsequently arose in the Muslim world. The relative prevalence of Wahhabi modes of thought now observable in various Muslim countries is a more recent phenomenon, due to a variety of contingencies unconnected with the first appearance of that sect. All those movements were largely different in their nature from Wahhabism, which must be regarded within the specific context of its own time as an exception, an aberration, or at best an anomaly.

English-born Hamid Algar received his Ph. Sincehe has served on the faculty of the Department of Near Eastern Studies at the University of California, Berkeley, where he teaches Persian and Islamic history and philosophy.


A Biographical Study in Iranian Modernism. He has been following the Islamic movement in Iran with interest for many years. Algar has translated numerous books from Arabic, Turkish, and Persian, including the book Islam and Revolution: Writings and Declarations of Imam Khomeini.

Tags Hamid Algar Muhammad algat. Syria has endorsed a legislation that forbids Muslim preachers from “stoking sectarian strife” as the Arab country’s fight against foreign-sponsored Takfiri terrorist groups is drawing to a Salaam Alaykum dear friend. Thank you for comment. Your email address will not be published.

In this Critical essay, Hamid Algar, Professor of Islamic Studies at the University of California, Berkeley, writes about the rise of Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia, arguing throughout that it has seriously distorted the fundamental teaching of Islam and functioned for decades as the ideological mainstay of the Saudi regime. Table of Contents Wahhabism, a critical essay Appendices A: A near contemporary view of early Wahhabism C: Wahhabism, a critical essay Author: Forbiddin May 12, at 1: Ali Teymoori May 12, at hhamid Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.