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The pillar was commonly incorrectly associated with the Slavic deity Svetovidalthough current opinions on the exact meaning of all the bas-reliefs and their symbols differ. It is thought that the three tiers of bas-relief represent the three levels of the world, from the bottom underworld, to the middle mortal world and the uppermost, largest, world of heavenly gods.
It is suggested that the sculpture was disposed of or was buried in a pit some time after the baptism of Kievan Rusand acceptance of Christianity in Poland inlike various buried idols in Kiev and Novgorod. In the 19th century, when the Zbruch River a left tributary of the Dniester changed its bed, the area where the pillar was buried became submerged. The Zbruch Idol is a four-sided pillar of grey limestone2.
Zbruch Idol – Wikipedia
It is possible that during the excavation of the monument its lower layer was broken off and lost. The statue was discovered in August in the village of Lychkivtsi Liczkowce in Podolia then in the Austrian Empire now in Ukraineduring a pih that made the bottom of the river visible.
However, it was not until that it brodzura placed on permanent exhibition. Ever since the discovery of the monument there has been debate about what exactly the idol represents. Andrei Sergeevich Famintsyn in his work “Ancient Slav Deities”  argued against Lelewel’s theory, and instead claimed that the Zbruch pillar is a representation of a single deity and that all four sides of each tier represented one entity.
Famintsyn was also the first to recognize the three-tiered structure as being related to the three levels of the world, linking it to the Slavic deity Triglav. Boris Rybakov in his work Paganism of Ancient Rus Russian tribes  argued that four sides of the top tier represent four different Slavic gods, two female and two male, with their corresponding middle-tier entities always of the opposite gender. Further, Rybakov suggests the underworld deity as Veles.
Rybakov also claimed the side with the female figure holding a horn as the front of the idol, based on the bottom-tier figure, which is shown with legs as if seen from head-on, the two adjoining sides showing the legs from the side, and the fourth side left blank.
Finally, Rybakov believes that the idol’s overall phallic shape is meant to unite all of the smaller figures as a single overarching all seeing larger deity, Rod.
According to Aleksey Komar and Natalia Khamaikothe sculpture is a fake produced by Tymon Zaborowskiwhose estate was located near the place where the statue was found.
From Wikipedia, ipt free encyclopedia. Museum’s Website in Polish. Polish Academy of Sciencesed. Adam Mickiewicz Universityed. Slavic Gods and Heroes.
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